|A few weekends ago my son Chris spent a weekend getaway in Baja California, Mexico. When he returned he had pictures of a little hacienda decorated in true Spanish style. In the early late 90's I had made a similar trip with friends and fell in love with the hacienda style furniture. Below are the pieces that inspired me to relive that touch of Spanish beauty.|
True Spanish Style Furniture
HACIENDA HOPE CHEST
This chest with pinned lap joints is a very easy construction
project. We detail in the plans the cover for the lock, which is
made of 1/16" steel. This is easily cut with a saber saw with a
steel cutting blade. The chest can be lined with cedar planking
which is available at most home centers.
HACIENDA SOFA TABLE
This small table can be used behind a sofa or set against
a wall, or under a window. The two drawers are flush fitting
with hand cut dovetails. The construction is mortise and
tenon and it is constructed with white pine.
This design with the curved
upper doors will open to accept a 32” TV or the shelving
can be left in place for clothes. This piece is
constructed of white pine with a medium oak finish.
Profiles for the templates for either routing or shaping
the raised panel are detailed in the plans.
This design with the planked
back and adjustable shelves makes a nice display
case for either collectibles or books. The two
storage drawers have hand cut dovetails. Behind the
two doors is a stationary shelf. The Bookcase is
constructed of white pine.
HACIENDA SMALL CHEST
This small chest can
double as a serving table or a storage chest.
The planked doors and drawers lend a rustic
touch to the design. The drawers all have hand
cut dovetails, which we detail in the
instructions. The construction is white pine.
|This is by far the finest pieces we have found to date on the Hacienda style. Simple and straight lines set these pieces apart from all the others we have seen. The original pieces were entirely cut with hand tools and finished in neutral oils.|
The most important part
in finishing a piece of furniture happens
before you open a can of stain or varnish.
It is important that you complete the major
sanding process prior to final assembly. It
is easier to do this sanding before the
piece is permanently glued up. Beware of
cross grain sanding as it can ruin any
WATER STAINS consist of a dye dissolved in water, which is very transparent and leaves a very permanent color. The application of water stains can sometimes be a bit tricky because the stain does not bleed in; it needs to be applied very carefully so as not to cause stripes in your final finish.
NONGRAIN RAISING (NGR) is a stain that dries quickly, produces a transparent color and does not raise the grain. Lacquer sealer can be mixed with the stain so that you can combine staining and finishing in one operation.
ALCOHOL STAINS are made from aniline dyes and alcohol. They have been used primarily for furniture repair work because they penetrate very well. These types of stains are rarely used for an entire project as they fade over time and your finish will have a washed out look in a few years.
CUSTOM STAINS can be made by mixing one part polymerized linseed oil with three parts of paint thinner. Blend this combination with a small amount of burnt umber and burnt sienna. Yellow ocher will in many instances help in blending the color. Finishes today offer the woodworker a vast selection of products. There are traditional finishes like shellac and to new products that are jelled polyurethane with the stain included to speed the finishing process.
WAXED FINISHES will create a dull luster finish with a minimal effort. There are special pigmented waxes available that allow you to stain and finish the wood in one operation. The wax should be heated before it is applied because it will penetrate the wood much better than when applied cold. Buff the surface and apply two or three times to achieve the gloss desired. Once you have rubbed wax into the surface you cannot apply another type of finish. The waxed surface will repel any other type of finish.
TUNG OIL FINISHES offer some of the best finishes on the market today. Many of the finishes come in colors, which can be blended to achieve almost any color. Many manufacturers have a polyurethane base in their product, which makes the finish more durable. This finish is usually applied with a rag to flood the surface. This should be allowed to dry for 15 minutes and then wiped off. Successive coats can be wet sanded with 400-grit paper to create a finish that is durable and offers a moderate sheen.
SHELLAC FINISH is a traditional finish used on period furniture. The success of your finish depends on the freshness of the product. Shellac is sold in two colors. White shellac is relatively clear and will create a slight amber cast to the finish. Orange shellac, especially when used in a multicast finish, will cause amber, almost orange finish. Be sure and follow the directions on the package to cut the shellac. A one-pound cut is a good starting point for a beginner. Also, use the very best brush that you have, as it will assist in achieving a smooth finish.
LACQUER FINISHES in most cases will achieve the finest of finishes for furniture. Lacquers are sold in four basic sheens: gloss, semigloss, dull and flat. Lacquer is a traditional sprayed finish, but there are products on the market that can be brushed on with relatively good success. All lacquers require a sanding sealer and these can be brushed or sprayed on. The best finish is achieved with a spray gun and many will find this application difficult. In many applications a small touch up gun or an airbrush will work for small projects.
POLYURETHANE FINISHES are available in a clear finish as well as in a wide range of colors. These finishes are somewhat transparent, so each added layer will darken the color of the finish. These are some of the most durable of the finishes and in some applications can be used for exterior applications.
woodworking, and share your skills and
knowledge with others.
Brian and all the folks from American Furniture Design Co
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|WIN A GRIZZLY BANDSAW: We are pleased to announce the 15th year of our Furniture Design Contest. We will award a Grizzly bandsaw to the woodworker who creates the best piece of furniture from an American Furniture Design Plan. The Grizzly bandsaw is rated by American Woodworker Magazine in a recent comparison of bandsaw, as their "Best Buy". You may also submit designs of your own. You will need to supply two color photos of your piece, a front view and a side view along with a description of the materials that you used. Your photos will not be returned. We plan to have 3 finalists and from them we will award the bandsaw on December 15, just in time for Christmas 2012.|